NAICS Code 511 - Publishing Industries (except Internet)

NAICS Code 511 Description

Industries in the Publishing Industries (except Internet) subsector group establishments engaged in the publishing of newspapers, magazines, other periodicals, and books, as well as directory and mailing list and software publishing. In general, these establishments, which are known as publishers, issue copies of works for which they usually possess copyright. Works may be in one or more formats including traditional print form, CD-ROM, or proprietary electronic networks. Publishers may publish works originally created by others for which they have obtained the rights and/or works that they have created in-house. Software publishing is included here because the activity, creation of a copyrighted product and bringing it to market, is equivalent to the creation process for other types of intellectual products. In NAICS, publishing--the reporting, writing, editing, and other processes that are required to create an edition of a newspaper--is treated as a major economic activity in its own right, rather than as a subsidiary activity to a manufacturing activity, printing. Thus, publishing is classified in the Information sector; whereas, printing remains in the NAICS Manufacturing sector. In part, the NAICS classification reflects the fact that publishing increasingly takes place in establishments that are physically separate from the associated printing establishments. More crucially, the NAICS classification of book and newspaper publishing is intended to portray their roles in a modern economy, in which they do not resemble manufacturing activities. Motion Picture and Sound Recording Industries subsector. Reproduction of prepackaged software is treated in NAICS as a manufacturing activity; on-line distribution of software products is in the Information sector, and custom design of software to client specifications is included in the Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services sector. These distinctions arise because of the different ways that software is created, reproduced, and distributed. The Publishing Industries (except Internet) subsector does not include establishments that publish exclusively on the Internet. Establishments publishing exclusively on the Internet are included in NAICS Code - 519 Other Information Service. The Publishing Industries (except Internet) subsector also excludes products, such as manifold business forms. Information is not the essential component of these items. Establishments producing these items are included in NAICS Code - 323 Printing and Related Support Activities.

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Hierarchy Navigation for NAICS Code 511

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  • Executive Director
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  • Finance
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Questions & Answers

  • How many active businesses operate in NAICS Code 511?

    There are 44,822 verified business locations operating primarily in this industry.

  • What was the total revenue for NAICS Code 511?

    In 2017 the total revenue for Publishing Industries (except Internet) was $360,239,026,000

  • What was the annual payroll for NAICS Code 511?

    In 2017 the annual payroll for Publishing Industries (except Internet) was $121,423,991,000

  • How many people work in NAICS Code 511?

    The number of reported paid employees is 1,042,420.