NAICS Code 323 - Printing and Related Support Activities
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Industries in the Printing and Related Support Activities subsector print products, such as newspapers, books, labels, business cards, stationery, business forms, and other materials, and perform support activities, such as data imaging, platemaking services, and bookbinding. The support activities included here are an integral part of the printing industry, and a product (a printing plate, a bound book, or a computer disk or file) that is an integral part of the printing industry is almost always provided by these operations. Processes used in printing include a variety of methods used to transfer an image from a plate, screen, film, or computer file to some medium, such as paper, plastics, metal, textile articles, or wood. The printing processes employed include, but are not limited to, lithographic, gravure, screen, flexographic, digital, and letterpress. In contrast to many other classification systems that locate publishing of printed materials in manufacturing, NAICS classifies the publishing of printed products in NAICS Code - 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet). Though printing and publishing are often carried out by the same enterprise (a newspaper, for example), it is less and less the case that these distinct activities are carried out in the same establishment. When publishing and printing are done in the same establishment, the establishment is classified in NAICS Code - 51 Information, in the appropriate NAICS industry even if the receipts for printing exceed those for publishing. This subsector includes printing on clothing because the production process for that activity is printing, not clothing manufacturing. For instance, the printing of T-shirts is included in this subsector. In contrast, printing on fabric (or grey goods) is not included. This activity is part of the process of finishing the fabric and is included in the NAICS Textile Mills subsector in NAICS Code - 31331 Textile and Fabric Finishing Mills.
Example photo for industry NAICS 323 - Printing and Related Support Activities. This image represents an activity or product found in this industry.
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USA Import, Export, and Balance of Trade
Balance of Trade (USD)-$752,905,274
Top Countries by U.S. Imports
Top Countries by U.S. Exports
Top Importing States
Top Exporting States
Countries With Highest Trade Surplus
Countries With Highest Trade Deficit
U.S. Total Import value for NAICS Code 323 is $5,881,940,069. China, Canada, and Mexico accounted for the top imports of Printed Matter And Related Products in 2018. States with most imports of Printed Matter And Related Products in 2018 were California, New York, and Texas.
U.S. Total Export value for this industry is $5,129,034,795. Canada, Mexico, and United Kingdom accounted for the top exports of Printed Matter And Related Products in 2018. States with most exports of Printed Matter And Related Products in 2018 were California, New Jersey, and New York.
Questions & Answers
How many active businesses operate in NAICS Code 323?
There are 30,549 verified business locations operating primarily in this industry.
What was the total revenue for NAICS Code 323?
In 2017 the total revenue for Printing and Related Support Activities was $80,900,790,000
What was the annual payroll for NAICS Code 323?
In 2017 the annual payroll for Printing and Related Support Activities was $20,719,582,000
How many people work in NAICS Code 323?
The number of reported paid employees is 426,180.