NAICS Code 331 - Primary Metal Manufacturing
NAICS Code 331 Description
Industries in the Primary Metal Manufacturing subsector smelt and/or refine ferrous and nonferrous metals from ore, pig or scrap, using electrometallurgical and other process metallurgical techniques. Establishments in this subsector also manufacture metal alloys and superalloys by introducing other chemical elements to pure metals. The output of smelting and refining, usually in ingot form, is used in rolling, drawing, and extruding operations to make sheet, strip, bar, rod, or wire, and in molten form to make castings and other basic metal products. Primary manufacturing of ferrous and nonferrous metals begins with ore or concentrate as the primary input. Establishments manufacturing primary metals from ore and/or concentrate remain classified in the primary smelting, primary refining, or iron and steel mill industries regardless of the form of their output. Establishments primarily engaged in secondary smelting and/or secondary refining recover ferrous and nonferrous metals from scrap and/or dross. The output of the secondary smelting and/or secondary refining industries is limited to shapes such as ingot or billet that will be further processed. Recovery of metals from scrap often occurs in establishments that are primarily engaged in activities, such as rolling, drawing, extruding, or similar processes. Excluded from the Primary Metal Manufacturing subsector are establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing ferrous and nonferrous forgings (except ferrous forgings made in steel mills) and stampings. Although forging, stamping, and casting are all methods used to make metal shapes, forging and stamping do not use molten metals and are included in NAICS Code - 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing. Establishments primarily engaged in operating coke ovens are classified in NAICS Code - 32419 Other Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing.
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USA Import, Export, and Balance of Trade
Balance of Trade (USD)-$36,882,813,197
Top Countries by U.S. Imports
Top Countries by U.S. Exports
Top Importing States
Top Exporting States
Countries With Highest Trade Surplus
Countries With Highest Trade Deficit
U.S. Total Import value for NAICS Code 331 is $96,247,915,502. Canada, Mexico, and Russia accounted for the top imports of Primary Metal Mfg in 2018. States with most imports of Primary Metal Mfg in 2018 were Texas, New York, and California.
U.S. Total Export value for this industry is $59,365,102,305. Mexico, Canada, and United Kingdom accounted for the top exports of Primary Metal Mfg in 2018. States with most exports of Primary Metal Mfg in 2018 were New York, Utah, and Texas.
Questions & Answers
How many active businesses operate in NAICS Code 331?
There are 4,896 verified business locations operating primarily in this industry.
What was the total revenue for NAICS Code 331?
In 2017 the total revenue for Primary Metal Manufacturing was $220,957,865,000
What was the annual payroll for NAICS Code 331?
In 2017 the annual payroll for Primary Metal Manufacturing was $23,125,979,000
How many people work in NAICS Code 331?
The number of reported paid employees is 362,610.