NAICS Code 331 - Primary Metal Manufacturing

Industry Sector

Manufacturing

Total Companies

6,414

Verified Companies

4,896

Est. Employment

362,610

Annual Payroll

$23,125,979,000

Total Revenue

$220,957,865,000

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Description

Industries in the Primary Metal Manufacturing subsector smelt and/or refine ferrous and nonferrous metals from ore, pig or scrap, using electrometallurgical and other process metallurgical techniques. Establishments in this subsector also manufacture metal alloys and superalloys by introducing other chemical elements to pure metals. The output of smelting and refining, usually in ingot form, is used in rolling, drawing, and extruding operations to make sheet, strip, bar, rod, or wire, and in molten form to make castings and other basic metal products. Primary manufacturing of ferrous and nonferrous metals begins with ore or concentrate as the primary input. Establishments manufacturing primary metals from ore and/or concentrate remain classified in the primary smelting, primary refining, or iron and steel mill industries regardless of the form of their output. Establishments primarily engaged in secondary smelting and/or secondary refining recover ferrous and nonferrous metals from scrap and/or dross. The output of the secondary smelting and/or secondary refining industries is limited to shapes such as ingot or billet that will be further processed. Recovery of metals from scrap often occurs in establishments that are primarily engaged in activities, such as rolling, drawing, extruding, or similar processes. Excluded from the Primary Metal Manufacturing subsector are establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing ferrous and nonferrous forgings (except ferrous forgings made in steel mills) and stampings. Although forging, stamping, and casting are all methods used to make metal shapes, forging and stamping do not use molten metals and are included in NAICS Code - 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing. Establishments primarily engaged in operating coke ovens are classified in NAICS Code - 32419 Other Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing.

Industry Image

Example photo for industry NAICS 331 - Primary Metal Manufacturing. This image represents an activity or product found in this industry.

Companies

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Industry Executives

Would you like to email executives in NAICS Code 331 - Primary Metal Manufacturing? Below are some of the common job titles available to be targeted.

  • Business Development
  • Chairman
  • C-Level
  • Director
  • Engineering
  • Executive Director
  • Facilities
  • Finance
  • Human Resource
  • IT
  • Manager
  • Marketing
  • Manufacturing
  • Operations
  • Owner
  • Partner
  • President
  • Principal
  • Purchasing
  • Sales
  • Vice President

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Executive Email List

USA Import, Export, and Balance of Trade

Import (USD)

$96,247,915,502

Export (USD)

$59,365,102,305

Balance of Trade (USD)

-$36,882,813,197

Top Countries by U.S. Imports

Canada $21,855,461,380
Mexico $9,915,783,148
Russia $5,720,034,762
Brazil $4,625,932,430
Germany $4,483,239,918

Top Countries by U.S. Exports

Mexico $12,003,256,358
Canada $11,422,524,141
United Kingdom $7,492,500,089
Switzerland $7,303,345,579
China $3,093,378,157

Top Importing States

Texas $11,043,052,017
New York $8,733,336,556
California $6,395,524,177
Illinois $5,440,903,915
Florida $5,395,798,638

Top Exporting States

New York $8,228,225,500
Utah $6,423,204,327
Texas $5,663,234,993
Nevada $5,062,928,367
Pennsylvania $3,739,888,199

Countries With Highest Trade Surplus

Switzerland $6,476,608,132
United Kingdom $6,159,885,769
Hong Kong $2,357,669,560
Mexico $2,087,473,210
India $1,090,679,802

Countries With Highest Trade Deficit

Canada -$10,432,937,239
Russia -$5,666,243,325
Brazil -$4,259,007,585
South Africa -$3,996,606,133
Chile -$3,624,139,029

U.S. Total Import value for NAICS Code 331 is $96,247,915,502. Canada, Mexico, and Russia accounted for the top imports of Primary Metal Mfg in 2018. States with most imports of Primary Metal Mfg in 2018 were Texas, New York, and California.

U.S. Total Export value for this industry is $59,365,102,305. Mexico, Canada, and United Kingdom accounted for the top exports of Primary Metal Mfg in 2018. States with most exports of Primary Metal Mfg in 2018 were New York, Utah, and Texas.

Questions & Answers

  • How many active businesses operate in NAICS Code 331?

    There are 4,896 verified business locations operating primarily in this industry.

  • What was the total revenue for NAICS Code 331?

    In 2017 the total revenue for Primary Metal Manufacturing was $220,957,865,000

  • What was the annual payroll for NAICS Code 331?

    In 2017 the annual payroll for Primary Metal Manufacturing was $23,125,979,000

  • How many people work in NAICS Code 331?

    The number of reported paid employees is 362,610.