NAICS Code 212 - Mining (except Oil and Gas)

NAICS Code 212 Description

Industries in the Mining (except Oil and Gas) subsector primarily engage in mining, mine site development, and beneficiating (i.e., preparing) metallic minerals and nonmetallic minerals, including coal. The term "mining" is used in the broad sense to include ore extraction, quarrying, and beneficiating (e.g., crushing, screening, washing, sizing, concentrating, and flotation), customarily done at the mine site. Beneficiation is the process whereby the extracted material is reduced to particles which can be separated into mineral and waste, the former suitable for further processing or direct use. The operations that take place in beneficiation are primarily mechanical, such as grinding, washing, magnetic separation, centrifugal separation, and so on. In contrast, manufacturing operations primarily use chemical and electrochemical processes, such as electrolysis, distillation, and so on. However some treatments, such as heat treatments, take place in both stages: the beneficiation and the manufacturing (i.e., smelting/refining) stages. The range of preparation activities varies by mineral and the purity of any given ore deposit. While some minerals, such as petroleum and natural gas, require little or no preparation, others are washed and screened, while yet others, such as gold and silver, can be transformed into bullion before leaving the mine site. Establishments in the Mining (except Oil and Gas) subsector include those that have complete responsibility for operating mines and quarries (except oil and gas wells) and those that operate mines and quarries (except oil and gas wells) for others on a contract or fee basis. Establishments primarily engaged in providing support services, on a contract or fee basis, required for the mining and quarrying of minerals are classified in NAICS Code - 213 Support Activities for Mining.

Industry Sector

Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction

Total Companies


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USA Import, Export, and Balance of Trade

Import (USD)


Export (USD)


Balance of Trade (USD)


Top Countries by U.S. Imports

Canada $1,237,632,756
Peru $518,156,622
Brazil $468,507,887
Mexico $409,937,502
South Africa $298,403,179

Top Countries by U.S. Exports

Canada $3,168,139,020
Japan $1,936,715,152
Mexico $1,749,292,966
India $1,707,323,772
Netherlands $1,659,130,139

Top Importing States

Louisiana $905,436,833
Texas $584,975,676
Arizona $389,695,711
Pennsylvania $345,534,534
New Jersey $262,343,626

Top Exporting States

West Virginia $4,455,192,594
Pennsylvania $2,806,359,739
Alaska $1,773,510,748
Alabama $1,662,099,007
Arizona $1,333,979,541

Countries With Highest Trade Surplus

Canada $1,930,506,264
Japan $1,923,622,483
India $1,644,605,362
Netherlands $1,638,004,358
Mexico $1,339,355,464

Countries With Highest Trade Deficit

Peru -$490,015,432
South Africa -$255,252,211
Colombia -$235,705,693
Chile -$182,466,704
Gabon -$85,256,893

U.S. Total Import value for NAICS Code 212 is $5,460,641,333. Canada, Peru, and Brazil accounted for the top imports of Minerals & Ores in 2018. States with most imports of Minerals & Ores in 2018 were Louisiana, Texas, and Arizona.

U.S. Total Export value for this industry is $21,219,108,956. Canada, Japan, and Mexico accounted for the top exports of Minerals & Ores in 2018. States with most exports of Minerals & Ores in 2018 were West Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Alaska.

Questions & Answers

  • How many active businesses operate in NAICS Code 212?

    There are 3,838 verified business locations operating primarily in this industry.

  • What was the total revenue for NAICS Code 212?

    In 2017 the total revenue for Mining (except Oil and Gas) was $85,827,293,000

  • What was the annual payroll for NAICS Code 212?

    In 2017 the annual payroll for Mining (except Oil and Gas) was $12,329,520,000

  • How many people work in NAICS Code 212?

    The number of reported paid employees is 177,042.