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NAICS Code 445132-05 Description (8-Digit)

The Vending Machines (Retail) industry involves the operation of vending machines that dispense a variety of products, such as snacks, beverages, cigarettes, and other consumer goods. These machines are typically located in public places, such as schools, offices, hospitals, and transportation hubs, and are designed to provide convenient access to products for consumers on-the-go. Vending machines are often owned and operated by vending machine operators, who are responsible for restocking the machines, collecting payments, and maintaining the machines.

Hierarchy Navigation for NAICS Code 445132-05

Parent Code (less specific)


Tools commonly used in the Vending Machines (Retail) industry for day-to-day tasks and operations.

  • Vending machine keys
  • Coin mechanisms
  • Bill validators
  • Vending machine locks
  • Vending machine motors
  • Vending machine compressors
  • Vending machine thermostats
  • Vending machine timers
  • Vending machine sensors
  • Vending machine displays

Industry Examples of Vending Machines (Retail)

Common products and services typical of NAICS Code 445132-05, illustrating the main business activities and contributions to the market.

  • Snack vending machines
  • Beverage vending machines
  • Cigarette vending machines
  • Personal care product vending machines
  • Condom vending machines
  • Medicine vending machines
  • DVD rental vending machines
  • Ice cream vending machines
  • Fresh food vending machines
  • Coffee vending machines

Certifications, Compliance and Licenses for NAICS Code 445132-05 - Vending Machines (Retail)

The specific certifications, permits, licenses, and regulatory compliance requirements within the United States for this industry.

  • Servsafe Food Handler Certification: This certification is required for vending machine operators who sell perishable food items. It ensures that the operator has knowledge of safe food handling practices. The certification is provided by the National Restaurant Association and can be obtained through their website.
  • National Automatic Merchandising Association (NAMA) Certification: This certification is offered by the NAMA and is designed to ensure that vending machine operators have a thorough understanding of the industry and its best practices. It covers topics such as machine maintenance, customer service, and inventory management.
  • Department Of Health and Human Services (HHS) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Registration: This registration is required for vending machine operators who sell food items. It ensures that the operator is complying with FDA regulations regarding food safety. The registration can be obtained through the FDA website.
  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Certification: This certification is required for vending machine operators who have employees. It ensures that the operator is complying with OSHA regulations regarding workplace safety. The certification can be obtained through the OSHA website.
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Certification: This certification is required for vending machine operators who have employees. It ensures that the operator is complying with NIOSH regulations regarding workplace safety. The certification can be obtained through the NIOSH website.


A concise historical narrative of NAICS Code 445132-05 covering global milestones and recent developments within the United States.

  • The vending machine industry has a long history dating back to the first century AD when the Greek mathematician Hero of Alexandria invented a machine that dispensed holy water in exchange for a coin. In the 1880s, vending machines became popular in the United States, dispensing gum, candy, and cigarettes. The first modern vending machine was invented in 1888 by Thomas Adams Gum Company, which dispensed gum on New York City train platforms. In the 20th century, vending machines became more sophisticated, dispensing a wide range of products, including snacks, drinks, and even electronics. In recent years, vending machines have become more technologically advanced, with touch screens, cashless payment options, and even facial recognition technology. In the United States, the vending machine industry has experienced ups and downs over the years. In the 1970s and 1980s, vending machines were a common sight in schools, offices, and public places. However, in the 1990s, concerns about the nutritional value of vending machine products led to a decline in sales. In recent years, the industry has rebounded, with vending machines offering healthier options like fresh fruit, salads, and sandwiches. The COVID-19 pandemic has also had an impact on the industry, with vending machines being used to dispense personal protective equipment like masks and hand sanitizer.

Future Outlook for Vending Machines (Retail)

The anticipated future trajectory of the NAICS 445132-05 industry in the USA, offering insights into potential trends, innovations, and challenges expected to shape its landscape.

  • Growth Prediction: Stable

    The vending machines (retail) industry in the USA is expected to grow in the coming years due to the increasing demand for convenient and on-the-go food and beverage options. The industry is also expected to benefit from technological advancements such as cashless payment options, touchless interfaces, and real-time inventory tracking. Additionally, the industry is likely to see an increase in healthy vending options as consumers become more health-conscious. However, the industry may face challenges such as increasing competition from convenience stores and supermarkets, as well as rising concerns over the environmental impact of single-use packaging. Overall, the industry is expected to continue to grow and adapt to changing consumer preferences and technological advancements.

Industry Innovations for NAICS Code 445132-05

Recent groundbreaking advancements and milestones in the Vending Machines (Retail) industry, reflecting notable innovations that have reshaped its landscape.

  • Smart Vending Machines: These machines use artificial intelligence and machine learning to analyze customer data and adjust their offerings accordingly. They can also offer personalized recommendations and promotions based on customer preferences.
  • Cashless Payment Options: Many vending machines now accept mobile payments, credit cards, and other cashless payment methods, making transactions faster and more convenient for customers.
  • Touchless Interfaces: In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, many vending machines now offer touchless interfaces such as voice commands or QR codes to reduce the risk of transmission.
  • Healthy Vending Options: Many vending machines now offer healthier snack and beverage options such as fresh fruit, vegetables, and low-sugar drinks to cater to health-conscious consumers.
  • Real-Time Inventory Tracking: Some vending machines now use sensors and other technology to track inventory levels in real-time, allowing operators to restock machines more efficiently and reduce waste.

NAICS Code 445132-05 - Vending Machines (Retail)

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