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NAICS Code 423390-19 Description (8-Digit)

Greenhouses (Wholesale) is a subdivision of the Other Construction Material Merchant Wholesalers industry. This industry involves the wholesale distribution of greenhouses, which are structures designed to provide a controlled environment for the cultivation of plants. Greenhouses are typically made of glass or plastic and are used to grow a wide range of crops, including flowers, vegetables, and fruits. Companies in this industry may also sell greenhouse supplies, such as irrigation systems, heating and cooling equipment, and plant containers.

Hierarchy Navigation for NAICS Code 423390-19


Tools commonly used in the Greenhouses (Wholesale) industry for day-to-day tasks and operations.

  • Greenhouse film
  • Shade cloth
  • Ventilation fans
  • Heating systems
  • Cooling systems
  • Irrigation systems
  • Plant containers
  • Growing media
  • Plant lighting
  • Thermometers

Industry Examples of Greenhouses (Wholesale)

Common products and services typical of NAICS Code 423390-19, illustrating the main business activities and contributions to the market.

  • Vegetable greenhouses
  • Flower greenhouses
  • Fruit greenhouses
  • Hydroponic greenhouses
  • Research greenhouses
  • Nursery greenhouses
  • Commercial greenhouses
  • Educational greenhouses
  • Community greenhouses
  • Botanical garden greenhouses

Certifications, Compliance and Licenses for NAICS Code 423390-19 - Greenhouses (Wholesale)

The specific certifications, permits, licenses, and regulatory compliance requirements within the United States for this industry.

  • USDA Organic Certification: This certification is required for greenhouses that produce organic crops. It ensures that the crops are grown without the use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, or genetically modified organisms. The certification is provided by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
  • Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) Certification: This certification is required for greenhouses that sell their crops to retailers or wholesalers. It ensures that the crops are grown, harvested, and packaged in a safe and sanitary manner. The certification is provided by the USDA.
  • Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) Certification: This certification is required for greenhouses that produce and sell ready-to-eat foods, such as salads or pre-cut fruits and vegetables. It ensures that the food is produced in a safe and sanitary manner and that potential hazards are identified and controlled. The certification is provided by the International HACCP Alliance.
  • Globalg.a.p. Certification: This certification is required for greenhouses that export their crops to international markets. It ensures that the crops are grown in a sustainable and environmentally friendly manner and that the greenhouse follows good agricultural practices. The certification is provided by the GlobalG.A.P. organization.
  • Fair Trade Certification: This certification is not required but can be beneficial for greenhouses that sell their crops to socially conscious consumers. It ensures that the crops are grown and harvested in a socially responsible manner and that the workers are paid fair wages. The certification is provided by Fair Trade USA.


A concise historical narrative of NAICS Code 423390-19 covering global milestones and recent developments within the United States.

  • The history of the Greenhouses (Wholesale) industry dates back to the 15th century when greenhouses were first used in Italy to grow exotic plants. The first greenhouse in the United States was built in the early 1800s by a wealthy merchant in Philadelphia. The industry grew rapidly in the 20th century with the development of new technologies such as automated climate control systems, hydroponic growing systems, and computerized monitoring systems. In recent years, the industry has seen a surge in demand for locally grown produce, which has led to the development of new greenhouse technologies such as vertical farming and aquaponics. The industry has also been impacted by the growing trend towards sustainable agriculture, which has led to the development of new greenhouse designs that use renewable energy sources and reduce water usage.

Future Outlook for Greenhouses (Wholesale)

The anticipated future trajectory of the NAICS 423390-19 industry in the USA, offering insights into potential trends, innovations, and challenges expected to shape its landscape.

  • Growth Prediction: Growing

    The future outlook for the Greenhouses (Wholesale) industry in the USA is positive. The industry is expected to grow in the coming years due to the increasing demand for locally grown produce and the rising popularity of organic farming. The industry is also expected to benefit from advancements in technology, such as the use of automation and artificial intelligence in greenhouse operations. Additionally, the industry is likely to see increased investment in sustainable and eco-friendly greenhouse practices, which will help to reduce the industry's environmental impact and improve its long-term sustainability.

Industry Innovations for NAICS Code 423390-19

Recent groundbreaking advancements and milestones in the Greenhouses (Wholesale) industry, reflecting notable innovations that have reshaped its landscape.

  • Vertical Farming: This innovative technique involves growing crops in vertically stacked layers, using artificial lighting and climate control systems to optimize growing conditions. Vertical farming allows for year-round crop production and can be done in urban areas, reducing the need for long-distance transportation of produce.
  • Hydroponic Systems: Hydroponic systems use nutrient-rich water instead of soil to grow crops, allowing for more efficient use of resources and higher crop yields. This technique is becoming increasingly popular in the greenhouse industry due to its sustainability and cost-effectiveness.
  • Smart Greenhouse Technology: Smart greenhouse technology uses sensors and automation to optimize growing conditions, reducing the need for manual labor and improving crop yields. This technology can also help to reduce energy consumption and improve the overall efficiency of greenhouse operations.
  • Sustainable Greenhouse Practices: Many greenhouse operators are adopting sustainable practices such as using renewable energy sources, reducing water usage, and minimizing waste. These practices not only benefit the environment but can also improve the long-term profitability and sustainability of greenhouse operations.
  • New Crop Varieties: The development of new crop varieties that are better suited to greenhouse growing conditions is helping to expand the range of crops that can be grown in greenhouses. This is opening up new markets for greenhouse operators and helping to drive industry growth.

NAICS Code 423390-19 - Greenhouses (Wholesale)

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