What is a NACE Code?

NACE (Nomenclature of Economic Activities) is the European statistical classification of economic activities. NACE groups organizations according to their business activities. Statistics produced on the basis of NACE are comparable at European level and, in general, at world level in line with the United Nations' International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC). The change in the identification and grouping of similar economic activities associated with the move to the new NACE implies a statistical break in the time series.


Note: NACE (Nomenclature des Activités Économiques dans la Communauté Européenne)



How to Read a NACE Code?

The NACE code is subdivided in a hierarchical, four-level structure. The categories at the highest level are called sections. The first two digits of the code identify the division, the third digit identifies the group, and the fourth digit identifies the class.



Section

Q

Human Health & Social Work Activities

Division

86

Human Health Activities

Group

86.2

Medical & Dental Practice Activities

Class

86.23

Dental Practice Activities


History

In 1970, the “Nomenclature générale des activités économiques dans les Communautés Européennes” (NACE - General Industrial Classification of Economic Activities within the European Communities) was developed. It was a classification covering the whole range of economic activity.

Eurostat with representatives of Member States developed a revised version of NACE, called NACE Rev. 1. Starting from the structure of ISIC Rev. 3, details were added to reflect European activities that were inadequately represented in ISIC. NACE Rev. 1 was established by Council Regulation No 3037/90 of 9 October 1990.

In 2002, a minor update of NACE Rev. 1, called NACE Rev. 1.1, was established. NACE Rev. 1.1 introduced a few additional items and changes to some titles

The Regulation establishing NACE Rev. 2 was adopted in December 2006, and its text is presented in Annex II. It includes provisions for the implementation of NACE Rev. 2 and coordinated transition from NACE Rev. 1.1 to NACE Rev. 2 in various statistical domains. NACE Rev. 2 is to be used, in general, for statistics referring to economic activities performed from 1 January 2008 onwards (Article 8 of the NACE Regulation provides details on implementation).



Timeline


NACE - Nomenclature of Economic Activities Timeline History

Note: NACE (English Translation - General Industrial Classification of Economic Activities within the European Communities)



Changes from NACE Rev. 1.1 to NACE Rev. 2

NACE Rev. 1.1NACE Rev. 2
SectionDescriptionSectionDescription
AAgriculture, Hunting and ForestryAAgriculture, Forestry and Fishing
BFishing
CMining and QuarryingBMining and Quarrying
DManufacturingCManufacturing
EElectricity, Gas and Water SupplyDElectricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning
EWater Supply, Sewerage, Waste Management and Remediation Activities
FConstructionFConstruction
GWholesale and Retail Trade: Repair of Motor Vehicles, Motorcycles and Personal and Household GoodsGWholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles
HHotels and RestaurantsIAccomodation and Food Service Activities
ITransport, Storage and CommunicationsHTransportation and Storage
JInformation and Communication
JFinancial IntermediationKFinancial and Insurance Activities
KReal Estate, Renting and Business ActivitiesLReal Estate Activities
MProfessional, Scientific and Technical Activities
NAdministrative and Support Service Activities
LPublic Administration and Defence; Compulsory Social SecurityOPublic Administration and Defence; Compulsory Social Security
MEducationPEducation
NHealth and Social WorkQHuman Health and Social Work Activities
OOther Community, Social and Personal Services ActivitiesRArts, Entertainment and Recreation
SOther Service Activities
PActivities of Private Households as Employers and Undifferentiated Production Activities of Private HouseholdsTActivities of Households as Employers; Undifferentiated Goods- and Services- Producing Activities of Households for Own Use
QExtraterritorial Organisations and BodiesUActivities of Extraterritorial Organisations and Bodies


Note: Table presents only a rough one-to-one correspondence between the sections: Further additional details are necessary to establish the complete corrsepondence.



What are NACE Codes used for?

  • Integrated system allows the comparability of statistics produced in different statistical domains (ISIC, CPC, HS, CPA, CN, and PRODCOM)

  • It is required to include a NACE code description of your organization’s activities on the Environmental Management Systems application form for registration purposes



Why are NACE Codes important?

  • The use of NACE is mandatory within the European statistical system



Relationship with ISIC

  • ISIC and NACE have exactly the same items at the highest levels, where NACE is more detailed at lower levels

  • In order to ensure international comparability, the definitions and the guidelines established for use of NACE within the EU are consistent with those published in the introduction to ISIC



Countries that use NACE Codes


ATAustriaIEIreland
BEBelgiumITItaly
BGBulgariaLTLithuania
CYCyprusLULuxembourg
CZCzech RepublicLVLatvia
DEGermanyMTMalta
DKDenmarkNLNetherlands
EEEstoniaPLPoland
ELGreecePTPortugal
ESSpainRORomania
FIFinlandSESweden
FRFranceSISlovenia
HRCroatiaSKSlovak Republic
HUHungaryUKUnited Kingdom