NAICS Code 512250 Record Production and Distribution




This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in record production (e.g., tapes, CDs) and/or releasing, promoting, and distributing sound recordings to wholesalers, retailers, or directly to the public. These establishments contract with artists, arrange and finance the production of original master recordings, and/or produce master recordings themselves, such as audio tapes/cassettes and compact discs. Establishments in this industry hold the copyright to the master recording, or obtain reproduction and distribution rights to master recordings produced by others, and derive most of their revenues from the sales, leasing, licensing, or distribution of master recordings.

Cross References

Establishments primarily engaged in
  • Promoting and authorizing the use of musical works in various media: classified in Industry 512230, Music Publishers
  • Providing facilities and technical expertise for recording musical performances: classified in Industry 512240, Sound Recording Studios
  • Mass duplication of recorded products: classified in U.S. Industry 334614, Software and Other Prerecorded Compact Disc, Tape, and Record Reproducing
  • Merchant wholesale distribution of blank audio cassettes, tapes, and discs: classified in Industry 423690, Other Electronic Parts and Equipment Merchant Wholesalers
  • Merchant wholesale distribution of prerecorded audio cassettes, tapes, and discs: classified in Industry 423990, Other Miscellaneous Durable Goods Merchant Wholesalers
  • Retailing records, tapes, and compact discs without producing recordings: classified in Sector 44-45, Retail Trade
  • Managing the careers of artists: classified in Industry 711410, Agents and Managers for Artists, Athletes, Entertainers, and Other Public Figures
  • Producing albums on contract as independent producers: classified in Industry 711510, Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers.

Industries Included

  • Integrated record companies (i.e., releasing, promoting, distributing)
  • Integrated record company (i.e., releasing, promoting, distributing)
  • Integrated record production and distribution
  • Master recording leasing and licensing
  • Musical recording, releasing, promoting, and distributing
  • Prerecorded audio tapes and compact discs integrated manufacture, release, and distribution
  • Record producers (except independent)
  • Record production (except independent record producers) without duplication or distribution
  • Record releasing, promoting, and distributing combined with mass duplication
  • Sound recording, integrated production, reproduction, release, and distribution
  • Sound recording, releasing, promoting, and distributing